Wheat sprout extract-induced apoptosis in human cancer cells by proteasome modulation.
Background: Proteasomes are clusters of proteins found in all human cells—the function of the proteasome is to break down unnecessary or damaged proteins in the cell. Proteasomes are important in the regulation of cell growth because they can break down and destroy the proteins that cause unregulated cell growth—cancer. Also, proteasomes can regulate the proteins that can cause cell death by the process known as apoptosis. In cancer cells, proteasomes can be used to force the cells into apoptosis.